3D Printer Monitor Wemos D1 Mini ESP8266

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About: I enjoy flying RC and 3D Printing

Monitor your 3D printer over a wifi connection. This is a Wemos D1 Mini and a 128x64 OLED combined together to display the status from your OctoPrint Server.

Requires the following:

Features:

  • Displays the print status from OctoPrint Server
  • Estimated time remaining
  • Time Printing
  • Percentage complete
  • Progress bar
  • Bed and Tool Temperature
  • Screen turns off when printer is turned off or disconnected
  • Screen turns on when printer is Operational or connected
  • Option to display clock instead of sleep mode
  • Sample rate is every 60 seconds when not printing
  • Sample rate is every 10 seconds when printing
  • Fully configurable from the web interface (not required to update Settings.h)
  • Supports OTA (loading firmware over WiFi connection on same LAN)
  • Basic Athentication to protect your settings
  • Video: https://youtu.be/niRv9SCgAPk
  • Detailed build video by Chris Riley: https://youtu.be/Rm-l1FSuJpI

Step 1: Solder Up the Wemos D1 Mini With the 128x64 I2C OLED Display

This step only requires connecting 4 wires between the Wemos D1 Mini and the OLED display.

  • SDA -> D2
  • SCL -> D5
  • VCC -> 5V+
  • GND -> GND-

Step 2: 3D Print a Case for Your 3D Printer Monitor

Since you are monitoring a 3D printer, you probably have the means to print the case for this project or create your own. My design is posted on Thingiverse.com here:

https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:2884823

Fit your Wemos and OLED in the case. You may need to apply some glue to the outer corners of the OLED display to get it to stick into the case. The Wemos will be held into the case by the back panel.

Step 3: Download and Compile Source Code

It is recommended to use Arduino IDE. You will need to configure Arduino IDE to work with the Wemos board and USB port and installed the required USB drivers etc.

  • USB CH340G drivers: https://wiki.wemos.cc/downloads
  • Open the Arduino IDE and enter the following URL http://arduino.esp8266.com/stable/package_esp8266com_index.json into Additional Board Manager URLs field. You can add multiple URLs, separating them with commas. This will add support for the Wemos D1 Mini to Arduino IDE.
  • In the Arduino IDE, open Boards Manager from Tools > Board menu and install esp8266 platform (and don't forget to select your ESP8266 board from Tools > Board menu after installation).
  • Select Board: "WeMos D1 R2 & mini"

Download the Source Code for 3D Printer Monitor:

https://github.com/Qrome/printer-monitor

Packages:

The following packages and libraries are used (download and install to your Arduino IDE):

Initial Configuration
You can update the project Settings.h file with your OctoPrint API Key or do it from the web interface. Get your OctoPrint API Key from your OctoPrint -> User Settings -> Current API Key.

NOTE: The settings in the Settings.h are the default settings for the first loading. After loading you will manage changes to the settings via the Web Interface. If you want to change settings again in the settings.h, you will need to erase the file system on the Wemos or use the “Reset Settings” option in the Web Interface.

Step 4: Web Interface

The Printer Monitor uses the WiFiManager so when it can't find the last network it was connected to it will become a AP Hotspot -- connect to it with your phone and you can then enter your WiFi connection information.

After connected to your WiFi network it will display the IP addressed assigned to it and that can be used to open a browser to the Web Interface. Everything can be configured there in the web interface.

7 People Made This Project!

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108 Discussions

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qwiktune

2 days ago

I've followed the instructions, but I cant seem to get anything to work. It uploads 100% says its done, but nothing on my monitor, no wifi network. After I find all the libraries and install them do I have to do anything else to add them to the code? I'm new to This IDE interface so maybe I'm not understanding, but I've tried 4 times with 2 different chips and 2 different screens just to be sure it wasn't the hardware. At this point i'm willing to throw someone a few bucks, both chips and both monitors just to get one in return working so I can set it up. Any takers?

4 replies
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qwiktuneqwiktune

Reply 2 days ago

Actually i might have gotten it to work using v2.4.1, but with the smaller screen. When I try using the bigger one, most of the screen is noise. If this install the same for both sized screens? If so maybe this screen is damaged some how?

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Qromeqwiktune

Reply 2 days ago

The smaller screen is the default in the Settings.h file. If you look at the Readme.md file as well as in the Settings.h -- if you use the larger 1.3 display you have to uncomment out the line for the different driver.

```
  • (optional) 1.3" I2C OLED Display: https://amzn.to/2IP0gRU (must uncomment #define DISPLAY_SH1106 in the Settings.h to use the 1.3" SSH1106 display)
```
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qwiktuneQrome

Reply 17 hours ago

Yeah, thank you just saw after I posted that. Working. Only question I have now is the Weather. On one I'm using an API key and on the other I'm using the CityID but neither seems to show any sort of weather or any kind of weather Null value on the screen? Is that something that was being developed but not finished?

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Qromeqwiktune

Reply 11 hours ago

It is fully functional. You probably have an invalid City ID or invalid API key. If you log into the web interface, does it display the error message there on the home page?

If not there, plug it in to your computer and open the Serial Monitor from Arduino with baud set to 115200 -- when it boots up and tries to go get the weather data it should log out the error or problem there.

When using the City ID -- it is the number that is displayed as part of the URL. Example: Los Angeles comes up with the following OpenWeatherMap URL -- https://openweathermap.org/city/5368361 -- those last numbers on the URL is the City ID (5368361).

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Carl334

Tip 26 days ago

I also had trouble with the screen. More than two days of banging my head, with way to many tries at a fix. Someone (Jeff) here posted that he downgraded to version 2.4.1 of ESP8266 Boards and chose the board; one with the ----- mini at the end. Worked for me. So I'm here to thanks Jeff; but cannot find his posting again to thank him.

3 replies
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QromeCarl334

Reply 8 days ago

2.5.0 -- also works.

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WilliamM481Carl334

Reply 25 days ago

Many thanks for bringing this back up! Instant fix lol.

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CarlL72WilliamM481

Reply 24 days ago

Actually version 2.4.2 works even better!

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lustreking

9 days ago

It looks like I'm missing a lot of lines in my display. Does this look like a bad config, or a bad display? I'm using the 1.3" version.

IMG_20190313_094121413_2.jpg
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Qromelustreking

Reply 8 days ago

Not sure if you saw this in the documentation:

```*NOTE: You must edit the Settings.h file and remove the // on the "//#define DISPLAY_SH1106" to use the 1.3 SSH1106 display in the code. It defaults to support the SSD1306 display.```

If you have already done this and the display still looks that way, then perhaps you have a damaged OLED.

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AnubisKnight

4 months ago

Great Project.

I'm having trouble getting the display to work. I have the OLED and teh board you have listed in and all the wiring is hooked up correctly, but I still cannot get it to display anything. I can access the web interface online too.

6 replies
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malvernasAnubisKnight

Reply 2 months ago

I had the same issue. I rolled back my library to an earlier version (3.2.6) and it worked just fine

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Qromemalvernas

Reply 4 weeks ago

Jeff, make sure you are using the latest version of the code as well as the latest version of the ESP8266 core. It sure looks like you have an old version of a library.

Also, if the web interface is working you should be able to load the compiled binary file through the web interface. Give that a try.

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jeffaveryQrome

Reply 4 weeks ago

Hi Qrome,

Thank you very much for the reply! I'm still beating my head against the wall. I checked and the ESP8266 board version was 2.4.2 so I upgraded to 2.5. I'm new to this so I'm not 100% sure what each library is doing, or if there can be version conflicts. Below is what I show installed on my board manager and Library manager. I recompiled and uploaded this morning after upgrading the OLED module to v 4.0.0 and the board manager to 2.5.0. I also verified that I have just over 4 volts to the pins vcc and ground on the OLED. I get no backlit or anything though on either of the OLEDs (tried two different ones) I tried. Not sure if that's normal. Thanks again so much for any thoughts. This is the first project of this type that I have hit such a wall on. I'm sure it's something simple I'm missing.


Board Manager:
ESP8266 By ESP8266 Community version 2.5.0

Sketch Library: (Many more than this but they all say "built in")
Adafruit GFX graphics core library v 1.3.4
simple JSON streaming parser for use in Arduino by Bartosz v 0.1.2
Arduino JSON by Benoit v 5.13.4
the SSD1306 and SH1106 based 128x64 pixel OLED display by Daniel Eichhorn v 4.0.0
JSON streaming parser by Daniel Eichhorn v 1.0.5
WhareHauoraWiFiManager by Tzapu v 0.15.0
WiFiManager by Tzapu by Tzapu v 0.14.0

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jeffaveryjeffavery

Reply 4 weeks ago

Hi Qrome,

Got it working, I thought I'd post the fix here in case it helps someone else. Thanks again for pointing me in the right direction. I watched Chris' video on here, and he was using the 2.4.1 board manager. I also noticed that his was WemOS D1 R2 Mini. Also, in re-reading your instructions, you said to
  • Select Board: "WeMos D1 R2 & mini"
Mine just said WemOS D1 R1 nothing else. Strange, it worked enough like this for the board to program, but not to fire up the OLED. I removed all versions of the ESP8266 board management software and just installed 2.4.1. Once I did that, WemOS R1 D2 & Mini were a choice under board manager. I selected that, reflashed it and it's working great!

Thanks again.

Jeff
PrintMonitor.jpg
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QromeAnubisKnight

Reply 4 months ago

The only thing I can think of is the wiring. Make sure the OLED you have is labeled correctly. Maybe try and swap the SDA SCL lines? Make sure they are solid connections.

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jeffaveryQrome

Reply 4 weeks ago

Hi Qrome, I am having trouble making my display work as well. I can get to the printer monitor web page and all is working there. I verified 2 times that my pins are connected correctly. I also tried a different WemOS board and then another OLED display. I then found your comment here and tried version 3.2.6 and 3.2.7. I get an error compiling (pasted error below). Version 4.0.0 compiles fine, no errors. Hoping maybe I'll get lucky and you have a miracle for me? Thanks in advance for any thoughts or suggestions -Jeff
Compile Error:
invalid conversion from 'const uint8_t* {aka const unsigned char*}' to 'const char*' [-fpermissive]

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MarioM264

6 weeks ago

How can I add button to switch on/off the screen? Or is there possible to turn on the screen for let say 10 secs and then it would go off again?

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padigree

Question 2 months ago

Hey, first thank You for this awesome project. After some problems to get these on the nodemcu and the wroom02 oled 18650 mod, I finally got it. Works like a Charme With octoprint and it's stable. The only Problem is that it won't show the weather as shown in the picture. Made a few New APIs, tried different City IDs tried different Devices, Networks, Accounts and so on.. Does it still work? Would be glad to get some help :)

IMG_20190103_095417.jpgIMG_20190103_113210.jpg