There is not much better then paddling on calm water in the early morning of the Canadian wilderness. Watching the sun rise and hearing the call of a Loon while smokey condensation dances across the waters surface... Having said that, doing that with your own hand crafted paddle can add a little more pleasure to the experience.
The paddle has been around for hundreds of years and taken on many different shapes and sizes. For this particular instructable I will be going through the process of making your own hand crafted;
Custom Cherry Wood Canoe Paddle with an "otter tail" blade design.
The process of making your own paddle is not hard but it is time consuming and will require some upper body strength. having said that anyone with a bit of spare time (about a weekend) can easily make their own paddle that will blow anyone away when you tell them you did it yourself.
Materials needed (for a cherry wood paddle)
- 1 or 2 pieces of Cherry 6" wide x 6' long and about 1-1/2" thick
- a design template (you can make your own or use mine)
- spray adhesive
- wood finish suitable for water
- Hand Plane's different sizes or at least 1 big one and 1 small one(block Plane)
- band saw (I don't have one) or a Jig Saw which I used.
- belt sander and palm sander with different levels of grit
- marking items like pens and pencils
- Clamps more is better but 3 will do
- ** a Sturdy work surface you can clamp to***
- A broom - there is going to be A LOT of wood shavings
Step 1: Developing Your Design
This is a critical step in the paddle making process but is also very fun because it gives your the creative ability to make your paddle fit your own measurements.
My paddle blade is an Otter Tail design and this is simply because it looks like an otter tail. This design allows for me to easily change the depth of the blade to go deeper and more more water or keep it shallow and move less water. The blade is long and has lots of flexibility in style of paddling. I have also added an image of other common design styles if you choose to do something different.
The attached PDF is a 1 to 1 scale of a paddle and is the template I used for my paddle. The page size is 24"x36" and would need to be printed off at a printing store. this usually costs about 5-6 bucks.
as a rule of thumb I usual try to keep a paddle to be 3-6" shorter then your height and depending if you feel you have long arms or not. Longer paddles can be harder to use but have more reach into the water for speed. I am about 5'9" tall my arms are not that long so I made my 5'5" long and to be honest a 5'3" paddle would be plenty.
Most shafts have a slight taper and are roughly 1" in diameter and a bit smaller in some areas. I wanted a slight bulge near my handle for more grip options so i added that into my design but actually made the shaft skinnier between the bulge and the handle. I also think its a good idea to make the shaft slightly smaller near where the blade meets the shaft so its not to bulky
This is all preference I prefer smaller handles that are rounded so I made a really simple and small handle
Step 2: Layout and Cutting
Once you have the design of the paddle complete you will have to transfer that information to your wood. The easiest way is with a cut-out or template.
**Once you have made your first paddle you can just trace it onto wood for future paddles**
Print out your design on a large sheet of paper to the correct scale of the finished paddle. Because a paddle is very large in terms of being able to print, the template I provided has a middle point where you can match up two halves of the paddle easily making sure everything is straight. Once you have taped together the template you need to attach this to your wood.
Lay your template on your wood blank positioning it to get some nice looking grain on the blade as this is the area that will look the best when finished.
Once you are happy with the location of the template, tape down half to secure the position then using a spray adhesive coat the other half and press firmly in place. Once this is done repeat for process for the other half.
Allow this adhesive to fully dry before cutting ( read directions on can)
Using a Jigsaw or a Band saw (if you have one)
- cut out the paddle remember ***Patience*** is key, go slow and make your cut count to save on sanding time later. I ride the outside of the line giving myself a little "wiggle room" for the finished paddle
Step 3: Shaping - Hand Planing
Okay, so now you have a paddle cut out that's really big, pretty heavy and basically a block, not to worry we are gonna fix that.
This process is simple but tiring as it involves upper body strength and a continual repetitive movement for a long time but other then that its pretty straight forward.
Marking your center lines
To ensure the paddle is symmetrical mark your center line both on top of the paddle as well as on the sides of the paddle. To do this, used a straight edge for the top and try to get everything as close as possible to center. for the sides using a combination square mark the center and the slide it along the edge of the paddle with a pen or pencil making a line that goes all the war around the paddle. Then make another line 1/8" up from the center and all the way around on both sides of the center line
If you did this correctly you should have 3 lines on the side with a total finished blade with of 1/4" which is your target width at the tip of the blade. If you are going to be pushing off rocks often then you can always make it slightly thicker to add strength but this also adds weight.
Hand Planing - Clamp the paddle down firmly!!
Starting from where the shaft meets the blade, using a hand plane scrape toward the tip of the blade and repeat. In the beginning just focus on taking off material on a flat plane. once you have gotten to about half the desired thickness I begin to work each side separately which will leave a slightly higher point in the middle helping with water movement when in use.
This process will take some time so put some music on and just get it done at your own pace. Be sure to check your progress and to make sure the blade is even on each side. once you have reached your 1/4" at the tip and most of the sides flip the paddle and repeat the process
Shaft - Block Plane
Using a block plane round off the corners of the shaft to a size that feels good in your hand this is pretty straight forward you want a round shaft.
Step 4: Sanding
Now that your paddle is basically the correct shape and thickness its now time to sand and finish off the paddle.
I start with a belt sander upside down and clamped to my work surface with 60-80 grit paper. This allows me to move the paddle up and down to achieve a really nice uniform sanding. I shaped the handle on the belt sander as well because it was so easy to round off and smooth out while the sander was clamped down.
Next switch to a orbital palm sander with a high grit to removed the marks from the belt sander. Sand everything and always use your hand to feel for rough spots. After about 10 minutes the paddle should be as smooth as a babies bottom!!
Step 5: Finish / Treating
This is straight forward and SOOOOO rewarding after all the work you have put in. Seeing the grain of the cherry wood pop as the finish is applied is a wonderful feeling.
To seal the wood you want something that is suitable for water, tough and easy to apply/re-apply each season. I used a danish oil that really penetrates deep into the wood to make sure the water stays out. There are many different types of finishes you can use for a paddle but just make sure to double check with someone if you are unsure if its waterproof or not.
If you want to use a varnish make sure its exterior with high gloss and UV protection.
Follow the instructions for what ever it is you are using and do a minimum of 3 coats. With most finishes allow at least 24 hours before you head out on the water
Step 6: Finished !!!
I was so happy with my finished paddle and I hope you enjoyed this Inscrutable. Like I said making a paddle is not hard and is very rewarding. It will take a little elbow-grease but its well worth the effort.
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