Make a hat that will keep you warm on the coldest winter days by using a Peg Loom. If you have a 3D printer, you can print the loom and pegs yourself. I designed and printed the loom I used to make this hat (link to Extendable Peg Loom). The loom can be extended to any length you can handle; however, only about 3 extensions are needed to make a hat for the average-sized human head.
This hat is worked using double strands of yarn.
Step 1: What You Need
2. Peg Loom
3. Measuring tape
5. Yarn needle
6. Needle threader
Step 2: Measure Your Head
Measure from front to back; from forehead to nape of neck.Record the number.
Measure around your head - circumference. Record the number.
Step 3: Do You Want a Band Around the Hat?
If you want the edges of your hat to turn up, decide the number of inches you want it to be. Record this number.
Note: The usual number of inches for a band ranges between 1" and 2".
Step 4: How Much Yarn Do You Need?
Peg looms usually require worsted or bulky yarn. I devised a formula for determining how much yarn is needed to complete any size requirement based upon hats I have completed in the past. It is meant to provide a rough estimate and is not exact.
Figure out the area
1. Divide the front to back measurement of your head by 1/2.
2. Add the band height amount.
3. Add 1/2" for band crease.
4. Multiply 1/2 Front to Back + Band Height + 1/2" by circumference amount.
Area = (1/2 Front to Back + Band Height + 1/2") x Circumference
Figure out amount of yarn yards
5. Multiply area by .72 for worsted yarn.
6. Multiply area by .67 for bulky yarn.
Yarn yards needed = Area x .72 or .67
Step 5: Number of Pegs Needed
Put the loom together and measure the holes across. The number of holes should match your circumference plus one extra. As a gauge, a hat made using 33 pegs will fit a 22" circumference comfortably.
Step 6: Measure & Cut Warp Yarn Pieces
Use the full front to back measurement plus band height plus 1/2" for band fold plus 12" for tying knots as the cutting measurement. Cut one piece for each peg.
Cut piece = Full Front to Back + Band Height + 1/2" + 12"
Step 7: Thread Pegs
A needle threader comes in handy for this or you can pinch the yarn and pull it through.
After the yarn has been pulled through, wrap it around the end of the peg.
Step 8: Place Pegs in Loom
Step 9: Loosely Tie Ends of Warp Together
Step 10: Begin Weaving
1. Take two pieces of yarn (from two skeins or the beginning and end of one skein (see tip)).
2. Make a slip knot, leaving a long tail. The tail will be used to sew the fabric together.
3. Place the slip knot on the first peg. Work across the loom, wrapping yarn in front and back around the pegs.
4. Wrap the yarn around the pegs in a slightly loose manner; especially the ends.
A beater or comb is useful for compacting rows (weft) or just use your fingers.
Tip: You can pull yarn from the center of the skein to find the other end. If you place the pulled yarn carefully, you won't have issues with it becoming tangled as you work.
Step 11: Pull Warp Through Weft
After reaching 4 to 4 1/2", lift the pegs and pull the yarn through. Return the pegs to their proper place.
When starting the row after pull-through, check to be sure you are wrapping in the same pattern as you were before pull-through.
Step 12: Weave Finish
1. After reaching the length you want, cut the yarn, leaving a 6" tail.
2. Make a slip knot with the tail. Place the knot on the last peg.
3. Remove pegs from the loom, pulling yarn through the weft.
Step 13: Finger Slip Stitch
1. Remove wrapped yarn from end of last two pegs on the opposite end of the slip knot.
2. Pull the second-to-last loop through the last loop.
3. Unwrap the third-to-last loop and pull it through the second-to-last loop.
4. Continue in this manner until reaching the opposite end.
5. At the opposite end, pull the tail of the slip stitch through the last unwrapped loop.
Step 14: Shape Your Weave
Manipulate the woven fabric with your fingers, matching measurements on both ends.
Step 15: Tie Warp Yarns
Make double knots across the length of the fabric, using one strand from separate pairs.
Step 16: Sew Sides Together
Use tail of starting thread to sew ends together.
Step 17: Gather Fringe
Work threaded needle through last rows and pull to close. Secure ends.
Step 18: Extra Warm Hat Finished
My hats kept me toasty warm during this past brutal winter. My wish is that yours will do the same for you.