# WIFI Battery Monitor System - ESP8266

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One of the main problem in battery powered projects is to choose/use the proper battery size/model/type. As market is flooded now with a lot of low quality batteries claiming thousands of mAh ( Ultrafire fakes stories is just an example) the only way to proper check them is to run a set of tests.

A simple basic tester that will be able to monitor over the entire battery lifetime at least few parameters like, voltage, current, power consumption and stored energy between charges can give you valuable informations about the parameters and health of the battery. And of course also you can see how are looking the numbers against the datasheet claims :).

## Step 2: Schematic & Wiring

As the CBDBv2 Evo DevBoard has already Voltage and Current measurements capabilities onboard, the only thing that we will need to do is to connect the battery module that we want to measure to the board:

WIRING:

• GREEN - V+
• BLUE - GND
• RED - SH_IN+
• WHITE - SH_IN-

For that ones of you that want to use a different Board or just want to add these functions to a ESP8266 Module, you just need:

• for Voltage - add and size on your needs the voltage divider as explained in details in the previous article about ESP8266 Internal ADC.

## Step 3: How to Measure Battery Parameters

When measuring the real battery capacity what we are interested in is the amount of energy stored in a battery since it is this energy we need to power our devices. Stored energy is measured in Watt-hours - the same unit used to measure our domestic electricity consumption (where 1,000Wh = 1kWh = 1 unit of electricity).

In order to measure the stored energy in a battery a power resistor is used as the load, and a fully charged battery is fully discharged through it. By measuring the voltage across this resistor at regular intervals during the discharge process it is simple to calcuate the total energy dissipated and therefore the total energy which had been stored in the battery.

Using Ohm's Law (I=U/R) we can then calculate the current flowing through the load since we know the voltage across it. Instantaneous power is given by multiplying the measured voltage by the calculated current (P=U*I).

By taking readings for a certain amount of time until the battery is completly discharged, and adding up the energy dissipated in each time interval, we can calculate the total energy taken from the battery and dissipated in the resistor and therefore the total energy that was stored in the fully charged battery.

## Step 4: Software Implementation

For programming CBDBv2 Evo Board and uploading the drivers and the software we will continue to use the LuaUploader as before.

1. Define used GPIO pins and variables:

```ADC_SRC = 5                    -- GPIO14 - select Voltage Divider / Current Input
sda=2                          -- GPIO4  - SDA
scl=1                          -- GPIO5  - SCL
gpio.write(ADC_SRC,1)      -- Voltage Measurement - Voltage Divider Source selected
gpio.write(ADC_SRC,0)      -- Current Measurement - Current Shunt Monitor output selected
voltdiv= 0.00412           -- Voltage reading calibration
dival = 0.00096            -- ADC volt/div value - CALIBRATE !!
resdiv = 4.31447           -- Voltage Divider Ratio - CALIBRATE!!
divalI = 0.9425            -- Current volt/div ratio - CALIBRATE!!
cpct = 0                   -- Calculated Delivered Energy
pwr = 0                    -- Calculate Power
t=0                        -- time
```

```function readADC_Voltage()
end
```

```function readADC_Current()
end
```

```function readUI()
tmr.delay(10000)
print("Power       : " ..string.format("%g",pwr).." mW")
end
```

5. Number format function for proper LCD printing

```nr_format = function (fnr,unit)
if (fnr > 1000) then fnri=fnr/1000
uniti=string.sub(unit, 2)
nrf=string.format(" %.3f%s ",fnri, uniti)
else
if (fnr < 100) then
if (fnr < 10) then
nrf = string.format("  %.1f%s ",fnr, unit)
else nrf = string.format(" %.1f%s ",fnr,unit)
end
else nrf = string.format("%.1f%s ",fnr,unit)
end
end
return nrf
end
```

6. LCD Print - > Voltage / Current / Energy / Power

For more details about the I2C LCD Driver , please take a look at the ST7032i LCD Driver Article

```function readUI()
tmr.delay(10000)
print("Power       : " ..string.format("%g",pwr).." mW")
end
```

7. MAIN program

```require('st7032i')
st7032i:init_i2c(sda,scl)
st7032i:init_LCD()
st7032i:lcd_clear()
st7032i:lcd_print(1,1,string.format("Battery Monitor"))
st7032i:lcd_print(3,2,string.format("Starting ..."))
tmr.alarm(0, 10000, 1, function() readUI() LCDout() tmr.delay(1000) end)
```

## Step 5: First RUN

For testing, just save the code on ESP as 'blms.lua', restart ESP and run:

dofile("blms.lua") -- Start the Battery Live Monitoring System

If you want the BLMS software to start automatically when your CBDB module starts or reboots, then you neet to create and add some lines in your 'init.lua' file:

dofile("blms.lua") -- Start the Battery Live Monitoring System

Save the code on ESP as 'init.lua', restart ESP.
It should reboot and restart automatically the program .

## Step 6: BMS Web Server Interface

```srv=net.createServer(net.TCP)
srv:listen(80,
function(conn)
conn:send("HTTP/1.1 200 OK\n\n")
conn:send("<META HTTP-EQUIV=\"REFRESH\" CONTENT=\"5\">")
conn:send("<html><title>Battery Live Monitor System - ESP8266</title><body>")
conn:send("<h1>Battery Live Monitor System - ESP8266</h1><BR>")
conn:send("Voltage :<B><font color=red size=4>"
conn:send("Current :<B><font color=blue size=4>"
conn:send("Power   :<B><font color=red size=4>"
..string.format("%g",pwr).." mW</font></b><br>")
conn:send("Energy  :<B><font color=green size=4>"
..string.format("%g",cpct).." Wh</font></b><br>")
conn:send("<BR><BR><BR>Node.HEAP     : <b>" .. node.heap() .. "</b><BR>")
conn:send("IP ADDR    :<b>".. wifi.sta.getip() .. "</b><BR>")
conn:send("TMR.NOW    :<b>" .. tmr.now() .. "</b><BR<BR><BR>")
conn:send("</html></body>")
conn:on("sent",function(conn) conn:close() end)
conn = nil
end)
end)
```

## Step 7: Thingspeak.com Data Upload

```function sendDataTh()
print("Sending data to thingspeak.com")
conn=net.createConnection(net.TCP, 0)
conn:connect(80,'184.106.153.149')
field3="..pwr.."&field4="..cpct.."HTTP/1.1\r\n")
conn:send("Host: api.thingspeak.com\r\n")
conn:send("Accept: */*\r\n")
conn:send("User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; esp8266 Lua; Windows NT 5.1)\r\n")
conn:send("\r\n")
conn:on("sent",function(conn) print("Closing connection")
conn:close()
end)
conn:on("disconnection", function(conn) print("Got disconnection...")
end)
end

```

## Step 8: Web Server - First RUN

If you have a new ESP module or is the first time when using it on a new WIFI network, don't forget to do the WIFI setup:

```
-- One time ESP Setup --
wifi.setmode(wifi.STATION)
wifi.sta.config ( "YOUR_WIFI_SSID" , "PASSWORD" )
print(wifi.sta.getip())```
```-- Read ADC data every 10s
-- Print values on local Web interface and send them to thingspeak.com
tmr.alarm(0, 10000, 1, function() readUI() sendDataTh() end) ```

For testing, just save the code on ESP as 'blmsweb.lua', restart ESP and run:

```            dofile("blmsweb.lua")      -- Start the Battery Live Monitoring System

Open your favorite Web browser and type your new BLMS Web Server IP address. If all ok, it should look like below :

## Step 9: CONCLUSIONS

Following the previous 8 steps you can end up with some minor tweaking with a nice and easy to program Battery Monitor System that can have a extended usage in all yours ESP8266 Battery powered projects and even more.

For more details about please take a look also on the original Battery Monitor System Article here

For any new CBDBv2 Evo orders/requests please feel free to use as usual:
tech at esp8266-projects.com.

If you want for your own experiments to order CBDBv2 EVO bare PCBs only, you can also do it directly at Dirty PCBs, our preferred PCB House:

http://dirtypcbs.com/view.php?share=5876&accesske...

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## 3 Discussions

I know I am double posting (I weren't sure which article you monitored). When you say "like but who has voltage/current measurement capabilities" is the requirement for an ADC pin?

Great neat job! I made one similar to this recently using a w5100 shield and the plot.ly site. You could easily modify it to monitor the current/voltage during the cycle too. (i used a cheap sub \$1 lithium ion charger/protector board for my charging cycle)